Volume 12, Issue 46 (2019)                   LCQ 2019, 12(46): 127-154 | Back to browse issues page

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Hajaghababaei M R, abbasi S. Literary Criticism in the First Iranian Press. LCQ. 2019; 12 (46) :127-154
URL: http://lcq.modares.ac.ir/article-29-33330-en.html
1- phd of literature and persian language in allame tabatabi university
2- student of literature and persian language in semnan university , sama.abbasi48@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3789 Views)
In the literary tradition of Iran, literary criticism was never conducted in a systematic wayand what remains bearing the title of “criticism” is mostly the result of the critic’s impression of the text which, instead of having a scientific approach, relies mostly on their literary taste. Starting from the end of Qajar period and with the various cultural and social developments at the time, criticism also experienced changes and literary critics attempted to involve scientific perspectives in their criticisms more and to avoid impression-based and idiosyncratic criticism. A growing number of press were utilized by literary critics of the time to publish their critical articles. Literary critiques published in the first Iranian press can be classified into three categories, namely theoretical discussions about literary criticism, criticism of a literary genre or trend, and criticism of literary works. In theoretical discussions, the critics elaborated on the literal and terminological definition of literary criticism and its purpose, and, outlining the necessary characteristics of a literary critic, focused on the relativeness of criticism, explaining its types, and role of the press in promoting literary criticism. In articles that focused on a particular literary genre or trend, criticism of modernists as well as of the research into literary works, and discussion of the nature of poetry and novel are more prominent. In criticisms of literary works, in addition to the content and verbal and literary features of the works, the critics sometimes focused on the moral and personal characteristics of the authors as well.
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Article Type: Analytic Review | Subject: Literary theory
Received: 2019/05/26 | Published: 2019/10/2

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