Volume 8, Issue 30 (2015)                   LCQ 2015, 8(30): 7-36 | Back to browse issues page

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Pourazar R, Sokhanvar J. Bakhtinian Dialogic Subject: Past and Present. LCQ. 2015; 8 (30) :7-36
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-29-1008-en.html
1- Ph.D. Student, Shahid Beheshti University
2- Professor of English, Shahid Beheshti University
Abstract:   (5687 Views)
  Although Bakhtin did not formulate any theory of subjectivity per se, the problem of subject or, as he called it, “self” formed one of his main critical interests. This study focuses on his definition of “dialogic self” and the different notions of subjectivity discussed in his books in the course of his twenty-five year career. For convenience, five stages are introduced through which Bakhtin has constituted his definition of subjectivity by taking a piecemeal approach to the issue. These stages are labeled as: ethical, aesthetic, novelistic, carnivalesque, and dialogic subject. Except for the carnivalesque stage, each of these stages is built on the modification of the previous stages about subjectivity. It was only in the carnivalesque subject that he discusses a new characteristic for the subject—a characteristic that was eventually omitted in his final paradigm. Two of the contemporary theories of “dialogic self” predicated on Bakhtin’s ideas are also briefly discussed in this study. One is Hermans’ theory of subject-space/subject-position, and the embodied dialogic subject, and the second is the later developments on Hermans’ theory of the dialogic self.
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Article Type: Theoretical | Subject: Literary Theory
Received: 2015/03/26 | Accepted: 2015/06/22 | Published: 2015/08/13

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