Volume 7, Issue 26 (2014)                   LCQ 2014, 7(26): 23-48 | Back to browse issues page

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Stance and Engagement in Book Reviews of Persian Literary Books. LCQ. 2014; 7 (26) :23-48
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-29-9313-en.html
Abstract:   (2166 Views)
Hyland’s Model was the first framework to examine interaction between writer and reader of a text under two key concepts, i.e. stance and engagement. According to this model, any writer (un)consciously employs a number of linguistic devices such as hedges, boosters, attitude markers and self-reference to present his or her stance over a topic, and likewise uses some other devices like reader pronoun, imperatives, interrogatives, shared knowledge as well as personal asides to establish readers' engagement. In this study, a number of book reviews on Persian literary books have been analyzed thanks to the model proposed by Hyland. The corpus of study includes 100 book reviews; 50 reviews are selected from academic referred journals and 50 ones are taken from general journals. Once the corpus is designed, the linguistic devices related to stance and engagement have been extracted and counted. The findings showed that for each 11.7 words of the corpus, 1 word or expression of stance or engagement has been used. The negative attitude markers and imperatives are the most and least frequent devices respectively. It is shown that book review articles appeared in academic journals tend to be more critical, and furthermore, the articles published in the decade 1380 (Iranian calendar) put much more weight on attitude markers. It is also shown that the density of interaction markers is high in the ending section of book reviews. Taking the gender variable into account, it is revealed that male critics are more explicit in presenting their stance, while female critics are more willing in using engagement devices.
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Article Type: practical | Subject: literary genre|Rhetorics|stylistics
Received: 2014/04/17 | Accepted: 2014/05/7 | Published: 2014/08/23

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