Volume 7, Issue 26 (2014)                   LCQ 2014, 7(26): 61-80 | Back to browse issues page

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ghasemzadeh S A. Sociology of behavior in “Tanab Keshi” novel based on the theory of “stigma”. LCQ. 2014; 7 (26) :61-80
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-29-2427-en.html
وزارت علوم، تحقیقات و فناوری
Abstract:   (3477 Views)
One of the procedures of criticism is the combination approach of sociology-psychology in analyzing the literal texts, especially a drama and mental situation of a traumatized and terrified person in an autocratic society that is realized from storied writings, particularly novels. Tanab Keshi, written by Majid Gheisari, is a realistic novel about the holy defense. This novel depicts the living conditions of a traumatized Persian origin family, away from the imposed war between Iran and Iraq. This study has clarified the intertexual relation by Rolan Barests` theory—intertexuality reading—; then, base on Ervin Gaffman`s theory – stigma—and the theoretical approach of Adler—inferiority complex—has tried to find a remedy to retrieve the blemished identity of a traumatized character. This study indicates that the novel`s text has a hidden intertexual connection with the three of the previous texts: Quran, stigma, and Masnavi Molana.Ethnic-religious stigma that involves other family members is a sign of mental-cultural problems of an autocratic society. One of the consequences of this kind of stigma for family members is having disappointment about being accepted by the society; moreover, the feeling of having an ominous destiny, unsafety, and also being stranded in perilous mental obsessions such as, inferiority complex which has affected Fares (the narrator) and made him to have a defensive and forcible reaction, so that it has brought malice and vengeance.
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Article Type: practical | Subject: socioliterature
Received: 2014/04/27 | Accepted: 2014/06/8 | Published: 2014/08/23

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